Making a male infertile through surgery is called a vasectomy. Sperm and semen are unable to combine after the procedure. This is the secreted fluid from the penis.
During a vasectomy, two tiny incisions in the scrotum are routinely made with a scalpel.
Compared to a traditional vasectomy, the no-scalpel procedure causes less bleeding and has a quicker recovery time.
In the US, about 500,000 men have a vasectomy annually. They do this to prevent pregnancy. Most married, reproductive-age men who do not want to have children or who do not wish to have more children do a vasectomy to prevent having any more.
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Traditional vs. no-scalp vasectomy
How the surgeon reaches the vas deferens is the fundamental distinction between no-scalpel and traditional vasectomies. The vas deferens carry sperm through the urethra, which combines with semen.
During traditional surgery, a cut is made on either side of the scrotum to access the vas deferens. A needle is used to puncture a tiny hole in the scrotum during a no-scalpel vasectomy to access the ducts while holding the vas deferens in place from outside the scrotum.
An analysis from 2014 found that no-scalpel vasectomy leads to almost five times fewer infections, hematomas, and other problems.
Additionally, it can be completed more quickly than a standard vasectomy and doesn’t call for sutures to seal wounds. Minor discomfort and bleeding are also benefits of no-scalpel vasectomy.
Complications that may arise
Following treatment, you may experience some soreness for a few days. Rare complications do occur. If they do happen, they might involve:
- scrotum erythema, edema, or oozing (signs of infection)
- difficulty urinating
- pain that your prescribed drugs are unable to control
A lump in your testicles caused by an accumulation of sperm following a vasectomy is yet another potential problem. It’s known as a sperm granuloma. An NSAID may ease some of the pain and lessen the swelling surrounding the tumor.
Granulomas often go away on their own, though a steroid injection may be required to hasten the process.
Similar to hematomas, they frequently disappear on their own. However, make an appointment with your doctor immediately for a follow-up visit if you feel pain or swelling in the weeks after your treatment.