Health

5 Different Types of Periodontal Diseases

Periodontal disease is a progressive and debilitating bacterial infection of the gums. It can lead to tooth loss, which would present certain challenges in our daily lives. The infection may be caused by bacteria present in plaque on your teeth or an infected tooth root. And the severity of the disease depends on the extent of gum inflammation and damage to bones beneath the gum tissue.

You should seek Powell, TN dental services if you identify any symptoms of periodontal diseases. A dentist can evaluate your condition and offer professional treatment. This disease can be diagnosed by a dental professional through an oral examination. Periodontal disease can be caused by conditions like hormonal changes, nutritional deficiencies, and genetics. It is also found in people who have a compromised immune system or who smoke or drink alcohol excessively.

Let us now see into different types of periodontal diseases.

  • Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. It can be caused by a buildup of plaque biofilm on your teeth. Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums by the bacteria associated with plaque build-up. You may experience some pain, redness, and swelling around your gums. Gingivitis raises your risk of developing periodontal diseases, such as periodontitis and osteoporosis.

  • Chronic periodontal disease

It is a more serious form of periodontal disease and occurs when the inflammation of periodontal disease spreads. This condition may affect the bones and tissues around your teeth. You may not experience any symptoms of chronic periodontal disease in the early stages. But over a period of time, your teeth would become loose and fall out. This condition can be diagnosed by a dental professional through x-rays and an examination of your gums. 

  • Aggressive periodontal disease

Aggressive periodontal disease occurs in the most advanced stages of periodontal disease. It affects the blood vessels supplying your gums and bone. You may experience tooth loss, loosening of other teeth, and pain when you perform certain activities like eating or talking.

  • Necrotizing periodontal disease

It is a severe condition caused due to the breakdown of your gum tissues and bone supporting your teeth. You may also experience a foul odor in the mouth. As the disease advances, you may suffer from bone loss and damage to your jawbone, which could make eating difficult.

  • Periodontal disease related to systemic conditions

Systemic diseases can trigger periodontal disease. And the treatment can be difficult as you may need to treat both your periodontal disease and your systemic condition. It is important to consult a dentist if you suffer from this condition.